The first ever multi sports event in Asia was held in Manila in 1913. At that time the Asian Games called the Far East Asian Games wherein 6 countries of China, Japan, HongKong, Philippines, Malaysia and Thailand participated in 8 sports (Athletics, Baseball, Basketball, Diving, Football, Swimming, Volleyball and Tennis). However due to the first and second world wars the subsequent edition of the games was unable to be held.
In 1948 during the London 14th Olympic Games Asian Sports Leaders met in London and decided to host the Asian Games. In 1949 Asian National Olympic Committees General Assembly met in Delhi and created the Asian Games Federation (AGF) responsible to organize the Asian Games. The AGF owned the Asian Games and First Asian Games were held in 1951 in Delhi. The AGF did not have a permanent HQ and travelled to each host country where the Games were being held. As the objectives evolved so did the needs of the AGF who made the decision to amend their Constitution and Rules and form the OCA.
The decision to form the OCA was made in New Delhi during the Asian Games Federation Council meeting on the 26th November 1981. In this meeting the first constitution and rules were adopted and approved and were scheduled to commence after the 9th Asian Game in 1982 in Delhi. The first election for OCA Executive Board (President and Members) was held in New Delhi on 16th November 1982, during the first General Assembly. At this time there were 34 member NOCs, these are referred to as the founder members. At the request of the Kuwait NOC and the Kuwait Government, the OCA General Assembly unanimously decided to have permanent headquarters in Kuwait. The three main constituents of the Olympic Movement in Asia are the Olympic Council of Asia (“OCA”), the Asian Sports Federations (“AFs”) and the National Olympic Committees (“NOCs”). The headquarters of OCA in Kuwait was invaded and destroyed in 1990 by the Iraqi invasion and the OCA had to rebuild its headquarters in 1991 after Kuwait was liberated.
The OCA will help to develop sport, culture and education of Asian youth, those moral and physical qualities that come from fair competition in sports, and to promote international respect, friendship, goodwill, Peace and Clean Environments.
The OCA or any of its members shall not discriminate in any way against any other member. No employee, representative, official or competitor of a mem- ber shall, on the ground of colour, disability, religion or politics, be subjected to any vexation. There shall be no restrictions or conditions in this regard for the entry and participation in the OCA GAMES or attendance in any meeting of the OCA and its Committees.
No member or its duly accredited representative, official or competitor shall be denied access to the city where the OCA GAMES are or the meeting is for the time being held. Wilful transgression or evasion of this principle will be treated as a fundamental breach and dealt with appropriately by the OCA.
The OCA will apply and uphold the Olympic principles as defined in the Olym- pic Charter; belonging to the OCA Movement requires strict compliance with the OCA Constitution, Rules and Guidelines.
The OCA shall:
1. Be the sole organisation in overall charge of different OCA GAMES in Asia;
2. Be the representative authority with all other recognised bodies or authorities responsible for Olympic, Asian, Continental, International and World Games;
3. Co-ordinate the activities of Asian countries in the field of sports at both regional and international levels;
4. Promote the practice of sport, encourage the construction of physical facilities and improve the standard of performance in the spirit of fair play within its member’s respective jurisdictions;
5. Encourage the holding of Asian Championships and competitions in all approved sports under its members respective jurisdictions;
6. Stimulate interest of sport and physical recreation in the people of Asia;
7. Co-operate with public authorities and private enterprises in the promotion of sport without prejudice to the principles of the Olympic Movement;
8. Ensure that its membership is fully representative of the duly recognised NOCs of Asia as far as practically possible;
9. Guide, influence and lead all sports along the right lines in Asian countries;
10. Take disciplinary action against any member or its employees, representatives, officials and competitors for misbehaviour or any other undesirable activity which brings discredit to the OCA;
11. Ensure regular celebration of the AG every four (4) years in accordance with the fundamental principles, objectives, Rules, Regulations and Byelaws of the OCA and provide fair and equal competition to all eligible competitors of member NOCs;
12. Ensure regular celebration of the AWG every four (4) years in accordance with the fundamental principles, objectives, Rules, Regulations and Byelaws of the OCA and provide fair and equal competition to all eligible competitors of member NOCs;
13. Ensure regular celebration of the AIMAG every four (4) years in accordance with the fundamental principles, objectives, Rules, Regulations and Byelaws of the OCA and provide fair and equal competition to all eligible competitors of member NOCs;
14. Ensure regular celebration of the AYG every four (4) years in accordance with the fundamental principles, objectives, Rules, Regulations and Byelaws of the OCA and provide fair and equal competition to all eligible competitors of member NOCs;
15. Ensure regular celebration of the ABG every two (2) years in accordance with the fundamental principles, objectives, Rules, Regulations and Byelaws of the OCA and provide fair and equal competition to all eligible competitors of member NOCs;
16. Be responsible for promotion and development of the Olympic Movement and its noble ideals among Asian people;
17. Be responsible to solve, as the supreme Asian Sports Organisation, sporting problems that may arise within Asian countries, among members or between them and others as far as practically possible;
18. Do all things necessary to fulfil the principles and objectives of the OCA;
19. Act against any form of discriminations affecting the Olympic Movement in Asia;
20. Oppose any political or commercial abuse of sport and athletes;
21. Encourage and support the effort of sport organisations and public authorities to provide for the social, professional future and health of athletes;
22. Encourage and support the promotion of the crucial topics (i.e. Women and Sport at all levels, Sport for All, Environment issues, Sport with Culture and Education and Peace through Sports);
23. Encourage and support the activities of the Asian Olympic Academy and other institutions which dedicate themselves to Olympic education;
24. Fight against doping and all sorts of prohibited substances, by adopting a pro-active approach and implementing the World Anti-Doping Code.
25. Assist, guide, encourage and provide necessary assistance, administrative or financial, wherever possible, to the Olympic Movement in Asia (as envisaged in the preamble of the OCA Constitution) to promote sports at grass root levels.